is a lecture by His Divine Grace Srila Bhakti Sundar Govinda Maharaj
to students at a college in Mauritius. His Divine Grace visited that
tropical island off the east coast of Africa as part of his 1992/1993
World Tour. This lecture is taken from Chapter 5 of The
Benedictine Tree of Divine Aspiration, published in November
teachers, respectable Vaishnavas, and my beloved students: I feel
very fortunate that you have given me this chance to speak about Krishna
consciousness. I am especially indebted to the authorities of this
college: because of their kindness it is possible for me to meet with
you all today.
I first came here to Mauritius, I noticed some very auspicious symptoms.
I noticed that the trees bear so much fruit, the earth is very fertile,
and all the people are very conscious of religion. I was surprised
to see that this country is like a heaven on earth! I also saw that
many mangoes had fallen from the trees, and many other trees bore
ripe papayas and other fruit, yet nobody collected that fruit. Seeing
these symptoms immediately inspired me to remember Sri Vrindavan
Dham. There we find ripe fruit on the trees everywhere, and the
souls residing there are full of the mood of service. They are all
eternally engaged in the divine service of the Supreme Lord. We
find such descriptions of Goloka-Vrindavan, the holy abode of Lord
Krishna, in Sri Brahma Samhita. This
holy book was brought by Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu from South India,
and it is widely accepted by religious authorities as the authentic
treatise depicting the teachings of Sriman Mahaprabhu.
Supreme Personality of Godhead -- the Embodiment of Truth, Consciousness,
and Joy -- is Govinda, or Krishna. He is beginningless, the origin
of all that be, and the cause of all causes." [Sri
Brahma Samhitha 5:1] That is, the actual form of each one of
us originates from the sac-cid-ananda-vigraha
isvarah paramah krsnah
anadir adir govindah
the Vedic scriptures teach us that Krishna is the Supreme Personality
of Godhead. Other "gods" also have their own abodes and full powers,
but only as expansions of the power of the infinite Personality
of Godhead, Krishna. If you subtract infinite power from infinite
power, you still have infinite power, just as zero minus zero equals
proper examination of the Vedic Scriptures will leave us with no doubt
that Krishna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Throughout the
whole world people are chanting the Hare Krishna Maha Mantra, and
through that we can also have some understanding. In all the scriptures
-- the Vedanta, the Upanisads,
the eighteen Puranas -- we find that
the glories of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, are chanted.
Still the question arises: "What is Krishna consciousness, and why
should we worship Krishna?"
om purnam adah purnam idam
purnat purnam udacyate
purnasya purnam adaya
Beauty, Charm, Ecstasy
are in want. We are not fulfilled within ourselves -- for that fulfillment
we must worship Krishna. What is our want? We need love, we need beauty,
we need charm, we need ecstasy, and so on. These are essential for
our soul, which is always in a state of living, and has the properties
of thinking, feeling, and willing. The soul can move, and the jada,
or the material, cannot move; but even within matter, there are living
souls. Within a tree is living a soul -- this has also been proved
by scientists such as Jagadish Bose. This knowledge is not new: in
the ancient Vedas we will find all knowledge given in a living way.
The knowledge given by the Vedas is that behind everything is the
living soul, and if we study the Vedas we will find this out.
property of the living soul is thinking, feeling, and willing. One
who has these properties must necessarily need to do something.
He can do good, or he can do bad. If he does good, he will get a
good reaction; if he does bad, he will get a bad reaction. Every
action has a reaction. Newton's third law states that "every action
has an equal and opposite reaction." We should therefore try to
do good things, otherwise we shall not receive a good reaction.
And to get relief from all reaction, we must become Krishna conscious.
If we surrender fully to Krishna, everything will go directly into
His account. If all our actions are done in Krishna consciousness,
no reaction will come to us. This process has been given in Srimad
Bhagavatam and Srimad Bhagavad Gita.
this gathering you are all students and you all wish to know something
about religion, specifically something about Krishna consciousness.
If you try to read Srimad Bhagavad Gita,
you will be benefitted. Everyone has the chance to improve his future
by reading this book -- whether he is a karmi,
or a fruitive worker, a jnani, or a
seeker of knowledge, a yogi, wanting
power to conquer the environment, or a bhakta,
who is always surrendered and fully dependant upon the knowledge
of Krishna consciousness. Everyone can gain some good future prospect
from reading Srimad Bhagavad Gita.
real benefit to be gained is that without mundane attachment we are
to engage in service to Krishna. [Bhakti Rasamrtasindhu
yuktam vairagyam ucyate
said to Arjuna: "You speak like a wise man, yet you are suffering
from material happiness and sadness. You show yourself to be knowledgeable
in the Vedas [pandit] but you are not
actually following that line." [Bhagavad Gita
2:11] Then Krishna started to give some knowledge of the Vedas to
Arjuna. He explained that there is a certain plane, and if we can
live there, no reaction will come to us. Krishna says:
asocyan anvasocas tvam
prajna-vadams ca bhasase
gatasun agatasums ca
you do not do anything, you will not get anything. You will not even
be able to survive! You must do something, so try to do something
good." [Bhagavad Gita 3:8]
niyatam kuru karma tvam
karma jyayo hy akarmanah
sarira-yatrapi ca te
na prasiddhyed akarmanah
Arjuna, this whole world of living beings comes into bondage by their
actions, except action performed as selfless duty offered to Lord
Vishnu. Therefore, being free from attachment, fully engage in the
performance of action for the purpose of such sacrifice." [Bhagavad
yajnarthat karmano 'nyatra
loko 'yam karma-bandhanah
tad-artham karma kaunteya
we need to do something good even from childhood. This is the knowledge
of Srimad Bhagavatam and Krishna consciousness.
Whenever we gain any knowledge, we should try to use that for a
good purpose -- not just for a good purpose, but we should use it
in a way that will be good for everybody. If we proceed in this
way, we shall be supremely benefitted in our lives as a result.
Is The Pillar Of Success
students study for promotion to a higher class, they endeavor with
heart and soul, but not everyone is able to get the desired result
because they may have many types of deficiencies. Some may fail
in their class, but if they remember that "failure is the pillar
of success," they can get the strength to try and try again. Even
in the mundane world we must apply this process.
first nobody can walk. When a very young child first tries to walk,
he falls down, but again he tries to walk. He walks, falls down,
walks, falls down, gradually gaining in strength and capacity until
he is finally able to walk properly. In this way karmis,
jnanis, and yogis have some
prospect. But the super prospect is with those who are fully surrendered
to Krishna. By their own free will they march in the line of Krishna
consciousness, and they gain the benefit accordingly. In the Srimad
Bhagavatam we find this advice of Prahlad Maharaj to his
was a devotee of Lord Nrsimhadev. His classmate friends were only
between five and twelve years of age, yet when he met with them in
their teacher's house he would urge them to inquire about and practice
spiritual life even from childhood.
kaumara acaret prajno
dharman bhagavatan iha
durlabham manusam janma
tad apy adhruvam arthadam
have fortunately gained this human body. We are jivas,
or souls, and we may be given any type of body according to our
past activities. By some good previous activity we have been given
this human body. In the human body there is a much greater capacity
and possibility to learn and realize many things. Other species
such as dogs, cows, etc., have only a very limited power of understanding
-- just enough to try to achieve some basic happiness. Real happiness,
however, is not possible in this mundane world, but some realization
use knowledge in many ways to try to gain happiness and a good result.
The best thing for the jiva is to try to know what is the transcendental
world's environment, and his place there. Who am I? Why am I here?
What is my destination in life? After death where will I go? In
this human body we can realize the answers to many such questions;
and that is called bhagavat-jnana, bhagavat-dharma.
If we try to read and understand such topics, we will be benefitted.
Benefit of Human Life
is necessary that in this life we try to know what is the super benefit
of our human life, and the super benefit of the soul. The soul is
actually transcendental, but our body is mortal. The transcendental
body is living in the mortal body, whether it be a human body or any
other variety of species.
we are not this body -- we are living inside this body. We can understand
this when we see a person who is dying. At that time we cannot give
them any more days. We can understand that inside the body is the
spirit of that person. With the spirit is thinking, feeling, and
willing, and that is called the jiva, or the soul. When a man dies,
that soul leaves his temporary material body. This is not only Indian
philosophy, but in the Western countries also we find famous philosophers
such as Hegel who have had similar realizations.
must try to do something good for our self, for our soul. Good is
possible through the processes of humility, tolerance, and giving
honor to others. We should try to avoid the opposing environment,
and in that way we can happily study what is the soul, what is God,
and what is the super benefit of this life. Also, we should study
where we have come from, where we will go, etc. Birth and death
is natural in this world, and we are always getting happiness and
sadness and many other temporary feelings. We must try to understand
all these things. Prahlada Maharaj said:
must try to understand what is Bhagavat Dharma,
and when that steady knowledge comes within us, we should try to use
it to understand what is what. If not, we will be losers. [Srimad
Bhagavatam 7:6:1] It is only in this human body that we can
properly understand what is good and what is bad, and if we try sincerely
we will get that type of knowledge.
kaumara acaret prajno
dharman bhagavatan iha
durlabham manusam janma
tad apy adhruvam arthadam
is necessary is sincerity, tolerance, humility and giving honor
to others. These four qualities are necessary for everyone. I am
very happy to observe that the people here in Mauritius are very
enthusiastic and enlightened with these qualities. Furthermore,
their tendency is to be real searchers, and they are practicing
to do good according to their capacity, while avoiding bad things.
I am very happy to see this within this small country.
am pleased to have met you all. I do not know how much good I can
do for you, but I am with you, and it is my expectation that our
attempt will be fruitful in the future.
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